The main point of the first part of Hebrews is that Jesus is our perfect high priest forever. He is greater than the earthly high priests of the old covenant; He serves in the true tabernacle built by the Lord, not the earthly tabernacle built by humans.
Jesus is a priest under the covenant of unmerited favor (grace). He is always supplying for our needs. He paid for all our sins. He is the sacrifice for the complete remission of sins. The old covenant priests were priest of the law. The law was always demanding performance from the people, but they were not able to meet the demands of the law. We would be in the same position as them; failing to meet the demands of the law. But thank God for Jesus, because Jesus fulfilled the law on our behalf. Jesus both saved us and made us righteous. Today He has given the right to everyone who believes to be called children of God.
Hebrews 8:1-3 1 The main point of what we're saying is this: We have just such a high priest who is seated at the right hand of God, who sits in majesty on his throne in heaven. 2 He serves in the sanctuary, the true tabernacle that was set up by the Lord and not by human beings. 3 Since it's the responsibility of every high priest to offer gifts and sacrifices, this high priest must also have something to offer.
The earthly priests were the Levites; but they were priests under the old covenant law. Jesus is our priest under the new covenant of grace.
Hebrews 8:4 4 Now if he was here on earth, he wouldn't be a priest at all, because there are already priests to present the offerings that the law requires.
The earthly tabernacle, the earthly priests, and everything under the old covenant were only a picture to point us to Jesus and the new covenant.
Hebrews 8:5 5 The place they serve is a copy, a mere shadow of what is in heaven. That's what God told Moses when he was going to set up the tabernacle: "Be careful to make everything according to the blueprint you were shown on the mountain."
Jesus' ministry under the new covenant is far better than the old covenant ministry of the law. The covenant and the promises are much better as well.
Hebrews 8:6 6 But Jesus has been given a far better ministry just as he is the one who mediates a far better agreed relationship between us and God, which is based on much better promises.
The old covenant was not perfect. It was not complete. It was just a forerunner of the new covenant. It prepared the way.
Hebrews 8:7 7 If that first agreement had been perfect, then a second wouldn't have been necessary.
God himself declares the old covenant as inadequate. The old covenant points out your failures, but the new covenant makes you righteous. The Lord gives us His righteousness as a gift in the new covenant.
Hebrews 8:8 8 Pointing out their failings, God told his people, "Pay attention,' says the Lord, because the days are coming when I will make a new agreement relating to the house of Israel and the house of Judah.
The new covenant is not like the old. Do not confuse the two. Even under the old covenant, God was showing and wanted to show the Israelites grace and favor. The amplified bible says that God withdrew His favor because they didn't keep the agreement. So the old covenant, under the law, only worked if man did his part.
Hebrews 8:9 9 This will not be like the promised agreement I made with their ancestors when I led them by the hand out of the land of Egypt. For they didn't keep their part of the agreed relationship, so I gave up on them, says the Lord.
But in the new covenant, God does all the work. This is God's definition of the new covenant.
The law that God writes on our hearts under the new covenant is the law of faith. It is the law to stay at rest and let God work on your behalf. It is to be convicted of your righteousness because of Jesus' work, not your own works.
Hebrews 8:10 10 "The relationship I promise to the house of Israel is this: After that time, says the Lord, I will place my laws in their minds, and write them on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people.
Galatians 3:12 Obedience to the law has nothing to do with trusting God. Scripture only says, "You will live if you observe everything the law requires."
Galatians 3:12 Amplified 12 But the Law does not rest on faith [does not require faith, has nothing to do with faith], for it itself says, He who does them [the things prescribed by the Law] shall live by them [not by faith].
Romans 3:27 27 So do we have anything to boast about then? Absolutely not, there's no place for that! And why's that? Is it because we follow the law of observing requirements? No, we follow the law of trusting in God.
Romans 3:27 Amplified 27 Then what becomes of [our] pride and [our] boasting? It is excluded (banished, ruled out entirely). On what principle? [On the principle] of doing good deeds? No, but on the principle of faith.
Everyone who has faith will have a personal, direct relationship with the Lord.
Hebrews 8:11 11 No one will need to teach his neighbor, and no one will need to teach anyone in their family, telling them, 'You ought to know the Lord.' For everyone will know me, from the smallest to the greatest.
This is the main point of the new covenant. It is repeated in chapter 10. It means your sins are forgiven. Of course, this is only possible because of what Jesus did on the cross. This is how God can be righteous and at the same time merciful. He is not letting your sins go unpunished. He already punished them all at the cross. Now He can be righteous in giving you grace and favor because you have taken on the robe of righteousness that Jesus has given you. You receive His righteousness just as he took you sins to the cross.
Hebrews 8:12 12 I will be merciful when they do wrong, and I will forget about their sins."
The old covenant is obsolete. It is not legal for you to be under the law anymore. It is only legal for you to be under the new covenant by faith in Jesus.
Hebrews 8:13 13 By saying, "A new agreed relationship," he makes the first agreement out-of-date. The one that's old and worn out has almost disappeared.
(All verses from the Free Bible Version Bible)
Author: Lyall Jonathan Di Trapani 28 Dec 2014